A kasbah has high walls, usually without windows. Sometimes, they were built on hilltops so that they could be more easily defended. Some were placed near the entrance to harbors.
The word kasbah may also be used to describe the old part of a city, in which case it has the same meaning as a medina quarter.
Having a kasbah built was a sign of wealth of some families in the city.
A kasbah can be considered as an another word for “fortress,” and in some ways that’s true. But often entire towns are considered kasbahs and sometimes just a single building is.
The remote Berber villages where all the buildings looks like the same colour as the mountainside they cling to, as they are made from the same mud.
Each village clusters around a ruined kasbah or ksar – the fortified houses and watchtowers that speak of a tumultuous history of fending off invaders – and a mosque
Every Moroccan village has a kasbah where either the ruling sheik or king once lived, providing a high vantage point to watch for approaching and unwanted guests. Generally, they look like mud castles, coming in many shapes and sizes, with walls made of layered dirt and stone, with high walls and very few windows.
There are much more impressive and famous Kasbah’s, such as Kelaat M’Gouna, El Khorbat, Telouet, Aït Ouzzine, Oudayas, Glaoui, Amzrou, Amridil, Tamnougalt, Tamdakht, Talmasla, and Taourirt.
Source pictures (with kind permission): Victor